Type 2 diabetes symptoms are important to recognise because left untreated, the condition can lead to serious health problems. Complications that can occur include kidney damage, nerve damage and cardiovascular disease. Some of the more notable symptoms of type 2 diabetes are feeling thirsty all the time and losing weight without trying to. But another symptom which many people may mistake for something less serious is having a dry mouth.
Dry mouth is also referred to by medically professionals as xerostomia.
You may have the condition if you experience irritation at the corners of the mouth, inflammation of the gums, and oral thrush – symptoms of oral thrust include white patches in the mouth, a red tongue, and cracking of the skin at the corner of the lips.
“People with diabetes are more susceptible to dry mouth and yeast infections such as thrush because of high glucose levels in their blood and saliva,” according to Diabetes.co.uk.
But other causes can include dehydration, smoking and some medication.
A dry mouth isn’t the only symptom of type 2 diabetes that can be easily missed.
Frequent urination is also referred to as polyuria and is defined as passing more than three litres of urine a day.
A normal daily urine output in adults is around two litres.
“If blood glucose levels become too high, the body will try to remedy the situation by removing glucose from the blood through the kidneys,” explained Diabetes.co.uk.
It adds: “When this happens, the kidneys will also filter out more water and you will need to urinate more than unusual as a result.
“If you are frequently experiencing an increased need to urinate, it could be a sign that your sugar levels are too high.”
Nerve damage can be a result of diabetes when high blood glucose levels damage the small blood vessels which supply the nerves.
This prevents essential nutrients reaching the nerves, explains Diabetes UK, and the nerve fibres are then damaged or disappear.
In some cases diabetes can damage the nerves in the stomach and intestines, making food unable to pass through normally. This can cause constipation.
Long-term constipation can lead to its own health problems, such as decal impaction – where stalls build up in the rectum.
While nerve damage most often causes constipation, it can also cause diarrhoea, especially at night.
When the rectum becomes blocked, this can cause fluid to linger longer than normal in the small intestine.
When this happens this can cause too much bacteria to grow, leading to bloating, belly pain and diarrhoea.
Published at Thu, 29 Nov 2018 11:37:00 +0000